Could America learn a COVID-19 lesson from Rwanda?

Rev. Dr. Jonathan Weaver

By Rev. Dr. Jonathan Weaver

A month ago I shared with a member of Greater Mt. Nebo Afri­can Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, the church I’m privileged to pastor, that I would be leaving soon for a two-week visit to Rwan­da, to visit friends and pastoral col­leagues. To me it should have elic­ited no surprise as she knew that I had led groups to Rwanda since 2012, a country described as “The Land of a Thousand Hills,” owing to its incredible natural beauty.

However, what I received was a rather horrified look and a quick, “I will be praying for you!” Her subsequent comments noted the ongoing coronavirus pandem­ic and her assumption that I was placing myself at great risk. It was bad enough, she felt, that I would be on two flights to get there, to­taling 16 hours in the sky, with a four hour layover in Addis Aba­ba, Ethiopia after leaving The United States. But she assumed that Rwanda would be a place where the pandemic was running rampant and therefore was plac­ing myself at considerable dan­ger. After sharing with her news reports which detailed Rwanda’s commitment to combatting the virus, her anxiousness dissipated but she ended our conversation by saying, “Well, I’m still pray­ing for you.”

I left two days after my encounter with the member, confident that all would be well. My assurance was not unfounded over the course of my trip. Rwanda, through its leadership and the many people I met, displayed a resilience and determination to protect its pop­ulation from this dreaded virus, and consequently obliterated the disparaging term used by some elected officials to describe Afri­can nations. My experience was not unusual. The requirements for my entry into Rwanda are re­quired for everyone arriving into the country since the international airport in Kigali, the capital city, re-opened at the beginning of August.

Ethiopian Airlines, my airlines of choice when travelling to Africa, currently requires that all passen­gers must have a recent negative SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test re­sult in order to board their flights from the United States. Upon ex­iting my flight in Rwanda, on the tarmac, before even entering the terminal building, Rwanda gov­ernment officials met all passen­gers to determine whether we had the required certification. Once we entered the building, we were greeted by Ministry of Health of­ficials who administered a tem­perature check.

After passing through Passport Control, I proceeded to the bag­gage claim area when I heard “someone” state in a clear voice, “Welcome to Kigali International Airport. While in Rwanda, please remember to wash your hands frequently, engage in social dis­tancing, and wear a mask.” That “someone” turned out to be a ro­bot, who repeated that friendly, yet firm message several times before I exited the baggage claim area.

From there I proceeded to a gov­ernment-approved hotel where I would spend the night. Upon my arrival at the hotel but before I checked in, I was required to take another COVID-19-related test. I was then quarantined in my ho­tel room until the next morning, when upon receiving my negative test result, I was then free to move throughout the country. During my 14-day visit, travelling to three major cities and parts of the rural countryside, everyone wore masks, from the youngest children to el­derly people, with virtually no ex­ception. Temperature checks were performed at restaurants, office buildings and stores. Social dis­tancing was enforced at churches.

It became abundantly clear that Rwanda took very seriously its mission to protect its citizens from this dreaded virus. The result; as of October 28, in a country of just over twelve million people, they have experienced only 35 deaths from the corona virus! The coun­try implemented the key preven­tive measures almost immediate­ly after the first case was reported on March 13. No hesitancy or un­certainty on the part of the na­tional government and no squab­bling among the people as far as I could tell based upon my con­versations with many people. De­spite the inconvenience imposed upon the populace, and yes, the economic challenges they faced, the many people I spoke to were gratified with the measures im­plemented since it spared the na­tion from countless more cases and deaths from COVID-19.

Yet here is the contradiction: after a very satisfying, safe visit to one of Africa’s jewels of a nation, upon my return to The United States at Dulles International Airport, no government official asked me any COVID-19-related questions! No one inquired as to whether I had been sick while out of the country. There were no temperature checks administered. No official asked for a recent COVID-19 test result.

In fact, I was subjected to the same procedures that occurred in January after my last visit to Rwanda. So many safeguards were implemented by Rwanda to pro­tect its citizens from the potential threat of travelers entering its terri­tory. Was my experience upon my return to America another indica­tion of the cavalier approach and reaction to the pandemic still rag­ing in The United States? Perhaps we could benefit from securing ad­vice from an African nation that has achieved remarkable success in fighting this pandemic.

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